Eve is the Hero of the Garden of Eden (chapter 3 from When Eve Was a Goddess): The Hebrew name of Eve is Hawwah. This word means both life and breath. Without Eve there would not be any life (with its precious breath) here on our Earth.
When the world is created at the beginning of Genesis, God begins by separating out apparent opposites. Heaven/Earth Light/Dark Day/Night Male/Female. The word used is the Hebrew word BEDEL. The root letter for this word are the three letters examined in the previous three blogs: B-D-L.
B or Beit, Beis or Beyt is all that is quintessentially earth, manifest, humanity. L or Lam or Lamed is all that is quintessentially divinity. What is between the two letters? The D which is Dal or Dalet and means door as in a door that swings in either direction.
Traditionally people have come to think of the separation of creation as an iron clad barrier which allows no further contact or communication. But this is not what the word indicates. As a word rebus, it is easy to see that between earth (B) and heaven (L) there is a door which is freely swinging allowing continued movement in both directions.
How does this paradigm shift change our thinking? What repercussions can it have for how we live our lives?
This older glyph of dal is an image of a door hanging downward, like a curtain, able to swing in any direction. The door as symbol has a long and sacred history of representing thresholds and transitions between states of being or otherworlds. To help one move between realms, magic rituals would be performed and talismans would be placed within the threshold. The Jewish mezuzah, containing scripture passages, placed on doorways is based upon this same magic. Doors, gateways, and thresholds are considered sacred in many cultures.
Ariel Golan posits that the door represents transition, especially between the realms of the heavens and the underworld. Doors, or their equivalents, gateways, are found at places of thresholds. Golan discusses the worldwide prevalence of door/gates: “The Hittites built special gates to mark the boundary between sacral and secular areas . . . The Druids attached mystic significance to an entrance, to gates. Pagan Germanic tribes erected ritual gates. The ancient Egyptian temples and medieval Muslim mosques had hypertrophied façade walls whose forms emphasized the entrance . . . In Buddhism, there are free-standing gates of a religious significance. Symbolic gates were constructed in pre-Columbian America.”[i]
[i] Ariel Golan, Prehistoric Religion; 263.
Lam or lamed is the twelfth of twenty-two letters meaning that it sits squarely in the center of the aleph-beis. As others have pointed out, this makes lam the heart of the aleph-beis just as our human heart is the center of our own bodies. Lam is also the largest letter, physically, making it the Supreme King.
Lam, as one of the two letters of the name of god, EL, connects it to concepts of supremacy and power.
Fabre d’Olivet in his opus, “The Hebrew Tongue Restored” written in 1921 writes about a beautiful dimension of lam (pg 377): “As a symbolic image, it represents the arm of man, the wing of a bird that which extends, raises and unfolds itself. As a grammatical sign, it is expansive movement and is applied to all ideas of extension, elevation, occupation, possession.”
Lam is the staff of authority, the heart of hearts, the supreme king, the principle of expansion, and not uncoincidentally, the second letter of the two letter name of god – El. It is, in summation the quintessential letter which stands for divinity and the stuff of the heavens.
Ancient Hebrew was written with pictographs much like (and sometimes the same as) Egyptian hieroglyphs. Hieroglyph literally means sacred script. Glyph means writing and hiero means sacred or holy. In this and my next few posts I am going to look at three letters which form a very important word in the Bible. It is a word we are all familiar with but in common translations appears very different than its pictographic meaning. I will reveal the word and its importance when all three letters have been presented.
Ancient letters put together form a rebus or a word puzzle which helps us to understand its original meaning. These meanings are frequently lost when the text is translated into English.
The pictograph of B is considered by many to be the inside layout of a tent from the time period. The entrance to the dwelling or home is in the upper left corner and there is a separation between the men’s and women’s sections (with the women’s section being the interior). There is, however, another meaning to this pictograph. It can be seen as the very center of a labyrinth. Labyrinths and spirals have long been considered to be the womb of the great mother goddess. What is born through such a pathway? Life here on earth. In fact throughout Neolithic Europe, figurines of goddesses can be found which have the symbol of the ancient B inscribed on Her belly, Her womb. (Note: I have several of these images in my book ONE GODS: The Mystic Pagan’s Guide to the Bible.)
So the letter B can mean all that is quintessentially Earth material. All that has been birthed from the Great Goddess. It represents our home here on the Earth which includes us in our mortal bodies.
From my book:
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Drawing on spiritual forensics, she traces the footsteps of legends such as Noah, Abraham, Sarah, Jacob and Moses across cultures and time. The enigmas of healing serpents, burning bushes, heavenly ladders and more are traced from the ancient mystery schools of Egypt and MesoAmerica to the standing stones of the Celts and beyond.
The Bible is represented as a dynamic, living document, guiding the reader in a quest to discover personal answers to age-old questions: Who am I? What is my personal relationship to divinity? Why am I alive? Why will I die?
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Jerusalem, focal point of the world’s three major patriarchal religions was named for a Goddess. It is a city dedicated to Venus in Her aspect as the evening star.
As viewed from Earth, the planet Venus is special in the heavens because she exists in her twin aspects – morning star and evening star. Deities related to Venus are significant gatekeepers of thresholds. Because Venus appears in the sky at dawn and dusk when the light and dark are visibly blending.
In the land to the north of Israel, Canaan, there is a mythological traditions of divine twins who represent dawn (morning star) and dusk (evening star). Their names were Sahar and Salim. Their three letter roots are Šĥr and Šlm. (Š is pronounced “sh.”)
The modern-day equivalent of Salim, is the Hebrew shalom or Arabic salam meaning “peace.”
Genesis 14:18 has the first extant reference of Salem, a city that is to become vital to each of the three major patriarchal religions on Earth today.And Melchizedek king of Salem brought forth bread and wine: and he was the priest of the most high God
In this passage Melchizedek is meeting with Abram in the city that is to become Jerusalem.
Historian, John Day confirms the name derivation; “It is generally accepted that in origin this denoted ‘the foundation of [the god] Shalem,’ Shalem being the god of dusk. . .” (John Day, Yahweh and the Gods and Goddesses of Canaan; pg 180.)
Now that we’ve seen goddesses living in trees in two cultures that surrounded Israel (Sumeria, Egypt), shouldn’t we be able to find a goddess in a tree in Israel. Yes, we should! Here is how we find Her.
To find our goddess in a tree, we have to look into Hebrew. The word for life in Hebrew is chai familiarly known in the phrase l’chaim – a Hebrew toast meaning “to life.” Chai is two letters – hhets and yud.
Another form of the word life is chai’ah or hhets, yud and heh. Below are the words with their Hebrew and English letters lined up (as best I can with this formatting) and with the phonetic pronunciations in parentheses. Note that Hebrew is written from right to left so the first letter of a word is at the right.
Chai: yud (ya) hhets (ch)
Chai’ah: heh (ha) yud (ya) hhets (ch)
ח י ה
The name of Eve in Hebrew is Hhawah hhets, vav and heh
Eve in Hebrew:
Eve: heh (ha) vav (va’ or wa’) hhets (ch)
ח ו ה
In the Bible, the tree of life is the tree of ha-ch-ya-eem (or ha chaim):
mem (im) yud (ya) yud (ya) hhets (ch) heh(ha)
ה ח י י מ
What can be gleaned by examining these words and their spelling? 1) The words for life and for Eve are variations of each other. Eve means life. 2) The word used with the tree of life is the word for life (or Eve) made plural.
In English we make a word plural by adding an “s” to the end of the word. In Hebrew, there are two ways to make a word plural. One of them is to add the sound “eem” or yud mem to the end of the word. In English, when a word is plural it means more than one In Hebrew when a word is plural it can mean more than one but it also has another meaning – it can be mean something bigger, more immense, grander. For example, in English we would say “one flower” or “two flowers” representing amounts. In Hebrew, it could be “one flower” meaning a single flower or “one flowers” representing grandeur. “One flowers” is a flower which more: bigger, flower-y, splendid. This is the Hebraic logic behind the title of my book, ONE GODS.
Notice: The words for life, Eve and tree of life are all variants of each other. This means that the Tree of Life is quite literally the Tree of Eve. Next up: How we know the goddess and The Tree are one.
The Bible explains the root of Moses’ name. “She” is pharaoh’s unnamed daughter:She named him Moses, explaining, “I drew him out of the water.” Exodus 2:10
According to Exodus, the Egyptian pharaoh’s daughter drew Moses out of the water then bestowed a Hebraic name on him – mashah from the root M-S-H meaning “to draw out.” However, this biblical explanation makes no sense. It is unlikely a pharaoh’s daughter would look for a Hebrew name, thus a slave name, for her foundling. In fact, it is improbable that an Egyptian royal would have even bothered to learn a slave language at all.[i] It is equally dubious that she would have given him a Hebrew name in an Egyptian court where his very presence would be a constant reminder that he was under the order of death by the Egyptian king.[ii]
There is another explanation for the M-S-H root that comes not from Hebrew but from the Egyptian language. In Egyptian, the term moses or mosheh means “born of” or “son.” So for example, Thutmose and Ramses would respectively be “son of Thoth” and “son of Ra.” Thoth and Ra are both Egyptian Gods. It is entirely possible that Moses was simply named “son.”[iii] Certainly there is precedent in other spiritual systems for message bringers to carry the appellation of “son.” And it surely would not have been out of the character of the scribes to deliberately change the explanation of his name in order to obscure Moses’ Egyptian roots.
Who was this man, “this son” who liberated his people? There is no dispute among scholars that Moses was born and reared in Egypt or that his parents were Levites:A certain man of the house of Levi went and married a Levite woman. Exodus 2:1
Amram took to wife his father’s sister Jochebed, and she bore him Aaron and Moses. Exodus 6:20
But other details of his life remain a mystery. For example, whom did Moses marry? The Bible mentions two wives; Zipporah (Ex 2:21) and “an Ethiopian” (Numbers 12:1).[iv]
Who was his father-in-law? The Bible mentions three; Jethro (Ex 3:1, Ex: 4:18, Ex 18:1, Ex 18:5), Reuel (Ex 2:18-21) and Hobab (Judges 4:11, Numbers 10:29).[v]
Where is the Midian that Moses fled to? The Bible never gives its location. Most common tradition places it in the Sinai Peninsula but there are traditions placing it in the Sudan or in Ethiopia.[vi]
Even the dates of the Exodus out of Egypt are unclear. There are proponents of many dates, most cluster around the 16th– 13th centuries BCE. And even though a great deal is known about the Egyptian pharaohs and when they ruled, scholars have varying theories for which Pharaoh ruled during the time of Hebrew oppression and which one ruled during the Exodus. As historically important as they are, the entire timing of Moses’ life and experiences are not definitively known.
Next up: More about Moses and the mysteries of his life.
[i] Asimov, Isaac, Asimov’s Guide to the Bible, Avenel Books, 1981; 128.
[ii] Greenberg, Moses; 204. All male babies born to Hebrew mothers were to be killed according to the law of the Pharaoh.
[iii] Asimov; 128.
[iv] Some versions of the Bible say Moses married a Cushite woman and others identify his wife as Nubian. Some have argued that these two descriptions are of the same woman.
[v] There are schools of thought that these three names refer to the same person. Further confusing the issue is that the Hebrew term for father-in-law and brother-in-law was the same.
[vi] Osman, Ahmed, Moses and Akhenaten, Bear & Company, 2002; 23.